Background: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem through-out the world, and despite important declines in incidence and mortality observed in developed countries in the last 20 years, those indicators remain almost unchanged in developing countries.Cervical cancer ranks as the 2nd most frequent cancer among women in Ethiopia, and the 2nd most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. Compliance has been defined as “the extent to which a person’s behavior coincides with healthcare advice” or as when patients do what health professionals recommend. Cancer patient compliance with medical advice and procedures is crucial to successful treatment. Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess compliance with treatment services and associated factors affecting treatment compliance of cervical cancer patients in Tikur Anbesa specialized Hospital, oncology unit Materials and methods: An institutional based cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 314 cervical cancer patients who are selected based on inclusion criteria and data will be collected using face to face structured questionnaire-based interview. The data was entered into EPI-INFO version 3.5.1, exported to SPSS for analysis and data presented in graphs and charts.
Result: Out of 314 interviewed cervical cancer patients 219(69.7%) were compliant but 95(30.3%) were noncompliant to the treatment services. There is a significant difference between the participants 121(78.6%) who had missed their appointment time with, OR=2.32(1.408, 3.882) and p value=0.001 than the respondents 98(61.2%) of cervical cancer patient of treatment compliance.
Conclusion: The findings of the study about the treatment service were partially noncompliant of Radiotherapy and chemo-radiation services. Patients who missed their appointment were 2.3 times noncompliant than those who adhere to the appointment time. Factors with low-income level, missing appointment, medication side effect, prolonged treatment, poor understanding of treatment advantages were significantly affecting treatment compliance based on multiple logistic regressions.
Keywords: Cervical Cancer; Compliance; Chemo-Radiation; Noncompliance and Chemotherapy.